Factual Evidence: What Materials Boost Your Argumentation in Essay Writing?04 May 22
Our sensory organs prioritize only a part of the informational flow. Our consciousness cannot process every detail. If it could, we would go insane in hours, if not seconds. Thus, being 100% objective is unrealistic. Still, academic actants strive for neutrality and impartial analysis. And students are no exception! The younger generation of academic stars must know how to operate facts. That skill is essential for future work, even if it has nothing to do with academics. Moreover, media literacy is never odd, given the era we live in now. So, let us shed light on what factual evidence is and how use argumentation in Essay Writing.
Facts. A Versatile Concept that Lacks Specifics
We all understand the mentioned concept, but what happens when we must describe it? Of course, we will instantly say that facts are testimonies in any form that certify an occurrence. For instance, the rock lies on the grass. We can see the stone, touch it, and experience its presence. And then, we can document the presence of an object in a place.
But also, there are other explanations for the word. Some scientists might equate facts to knowledge. Other masterminds say that facts are equal to knowledge that we have documented. In parallel, undocumented pieces of information are meaningless gossip. In any case, facts mean that an occurrence took place and someone experienced it.
Types of Facts to Use in Your Essay for Boosted Concept Representativeness
You must have a crystalline understanding that information from your close ones might not be factual. Subjective statements might be close to objectiveness. Still, your professor will believe statistics more than stories from your friends. So, if you plan to startle your professor with stark argumentation, it is advisable to use:
Official results of empirical findings
The era of information allows you and other students to scan various digital libraries. There you will find the maximum of facts. It is advisable to use sources from your educational institution! The professor will appreciate your interest in their scientific works.
The most used and popular hubs of facts are:
- Google Scholar;
- Research Gate;
- Science Direct;
- Semantic Scholar;
- Directory of Public Access Journals.
Keep in mind that Wikipedia, Twitter, and other sources of that kind are NOT a wise fit for an essay. You can only use social media and Wiki-style sites to search for authentic sources. But do not cite them — that is an immediate minus to your essay.
Remember that sociological results deliver subjective thoughts and present them in statistics. You can incorporate that info into your essay to demonstrate a massive attitude to a phenomenon. Keep in mind that perspective might not be objective. Be attentive to who conducts the survey! That might be fake for political propaganda purposes!
Digits never deliver emotions even though they might provoke them. Statistics demonstrate actual states of affairs. Using a table with stats will enhance your essay momentarily! But again, be attentive to who forms the stats. That might be a propaganda-oriented establishment.
Reputable channels never fail to attach photos, videos, and links to their pieces of info. Those supporting materials can be a wise addition to your essay equally, along with citations. But we must repeat it: research the source! Analyze its policy, and look for scandals and accusations of fakes. See how the media reacts to criticism. Of course, journalists might make a mistake, but they must admit it and correct the false info!
The most objective journalistic forms are:
- Science journalism;
- Investigative journalism;
- Data journalism;
- Video and photo journalism.
- Juridical knowledge
The law has zero emotions too. Treaties, conventions, documents, and other informational pieces do not emerge with no motivation. So, juridical principles can become your factual addition to an essay.
How to Detect Falsities and Fallacies?
The principles of media literacy are a necessity. Even though we live in an advanced era, there is still a place for propaganda that destroys lives. To see if there is a falsity, scan a source for:
- Belonging to an official institution (for instance, a university);
- Proper design (an article must fit scientific standards or other standards);
- Transparency of information about the author (only small news reports allow zero mention of the author);
- History (if there are scandals, neglect the source).
The Final Pronouncement
Emotions, feelings, and subjective visions can be the basis for a concise academic paper. Often, it is permissible to be artistic in an essay. Still, the scientific realm operates only on tested and trusted facts.
Alas, information plays not only a positive role. Often, sloppy usage of facts leads to detriments. But you do not want your essay to get a downgraded mark!